Description: Purposes and Uses of the Economic Census of Island Areas:
The Economic Census of Island Areas is the major source of facts about the structure and functioning of the economy of American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico. It provides essential information for government, business, industry, and the general public. Title 13 of the United States Code (Sections 131, 191, and 224) directs the Census Bureau to take the economic census every 5 years, covering years ending in "2" and "7."
The Economic Census of Island Areas furnishes an important part of the framework for such composite measures as the gross domestic product/gross island product estimates, input/output measures, and other statistical series that measure short-term changes in economic conditions. Specific uses of economic census data include the following:
• Policymaking agencies of the federal government use the data to monitor economic activity and to provide assistance to business.
• Local governments use the data to assess business activities and tax bases within their jurisdictions, as well as to develop programs to attract business.
• Trade associations study trends in their own and competing industries, which allows them to keep their members informed of market changes.
• Individual businesses use the data to locate potential markets and to analyze their own production and sales performance relative to industry or area averages.
Detailed Description: Industry Classifications
Data from the 2007 Economic Census are published primarily according to the 2007 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). The 2007 Economic Census of Island Areas covers the following NAICS sectors:
• 21 Mining
• 22 Utilities
• 23 Construction
• 31-33 Manufacturing
• 42 Wholesale Trade
• 44-45 Retail Trade
• 48-49 Transportation and Warehousing
• 51 Information
• 52 Finance and Insurance
• 53 Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
• 54 Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services
• 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises
• 56 Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services
• 61 Educational Services
• 62 Health Care and Social Assistance
• 71 Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation
• 72 Accommodation and Food Services
• 81 Other Services (except Public Administration)
(Not covered in the economic census are the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting sector (NAICS 11), Elementary and Secondary Schools (NAICS 6111), Junior Colleges (NAICS 6112), Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools (NAICS 6113), and the Public Administration sector (NAICS 92). The economic census includes, for the first time since 1992, the Petroleum Refineries (NAICS 32411) for the U.S. Virgin Islands.
The 18 NAICS sectors are subdivided into 86 subsectors (3-digit codes), 286 industry groups (4-digit codes), and 650 NAICS industries (5-digit codes).
Relationship to Historical Industry Classifications
Prior to the 2002 Economic Census of Island Areas, data were published according to the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. While many of the individual NAICS industries correspond directly to industries as defined under the SIC system, most of the higher level groupings do not. Particular care should be taken in comparing data for retail trade, wholesale trade and manufacturing, which are sector titles used in both NAICS and SIC, but cover somewhat different groups of industries. Where changes are significant, it may not be possible to construct time series that include data for points both before and after 2002.
Most industry classifications remained unchanged between 2002 and 2007; but NAICS 2007 includes slight revisions within the Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33), Information (NAICS 51), Finance and Insurance (NAICS 52), Real Estate and Rental and Leasing (NAICS 53), Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services (NAICS 54), and Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services (NAICS 56) sectors.
The economic census has been taken at 5-year intervals for the following areas, except where noted below:
• American Samoa — Since 2002
• Guam — Since 1958
• Northern Mariana Islands — Since 1982
• U.S. Virgin Islands — Since 1958
• Puerto Rico — Economic censuses were conducted beginning with a census of manufactures for 1909 and continuing at 10-year intervals through 1949, excepting 1929. Wholesale and retail trades and services industries were included as part of the economic censuses for 1939. Starting with 1949 through 2002, the censuses of wholesale and retail trades and service industries have been conducted concurrently with the census of manufactures. The census of construction industries has been included since 1967. Congress has authorized the economic censuses to be taken at 5-year intervals covering years ending in "2" and "7."
The range of industries covered in the economic census for American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico was broadened in 2002. Sectors added for the first time in 2002 include information, finance and insurance, real estate, health care, and other service industries.
Printed statistical reports from the 2002 and earlier censuses provide historical data for Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and are available in some libraries. Printed reports from 1997 and earlier censuses provide historical data for Puerto Rico. Reports for 1992 and 1997 are also available in portable document format (PDF) on the Internet.
Geographic Area Coding:
Accurate and complete information on the physical location of each establishment is required to tabulate the census data for municipalities, districts, towns, villages, counties, municipios, or islands. Respondents were required to report their physical location (street address or location description and municipality, district, town, village, county, municipio, or island) if it differed from their mailing address. For those establishments that did not provide acceptable information on physical location, location information from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) tax forms or from the previous census is used as a basis for coding.
All dollar values presented are expressed in current dollars. All dollar values are shown in thousands of dollars